机器视觉人的未来博客

The 流动性 sector is a key area for sustainable strides towards addressing the climate crisis. 500购彩需要一些反思和新的方向来促进流动性的转变.

The discussions around a ban on combustion engines clearly show both the readiness to change, 以及阻碍500购彩这样做的障碍. 移动出行转型必须加快步伐,并将创新带到道路上. 与此同时, the questions around new 流动性 concepts and the secure financing of infrastructure remain in the air.

在移动性方面,500购彩在2040年想要达到什么程度,以及500购彩如何实现这个目标? These are crucial questions for society – because the future of 流动性 is important for everyone. 流动性影响着每个人的生活. Mobility pricing is a key sustainable-流动性-concept solution that works primarily in three areas: traffic management, 基础设施融资, 气候效益.

基于流动定价的流动管理:避免-转移-改进

根据彼得Ummenhofer的说法, GO Consulting创始人, 移动行为的必要改变可以用“避免”来概括, shift和improve:

  • 避免或减少旅行
  • 转向更节能的交通方式
  • 通过车辆技术和管理提高效率

来推动这种变化, policymakers need the tools to create digital management and monetary incentive systems.

Sustainable 流动性 management considers the different needs of people and communities, 奖励环保行为, 关注个人的利益.

流动定价在这里扮演着核心角色. 道路收费使交通数字化控制成为可能.g., by influencing choice of route or time of departure with 动态定价 systems that can, 除此之外, 考虑电价中的实时拥塞. In combination with 流动性 platforms that seamlessly link previously separate transport services into single source, 在选择交通工具(例如.g.、公共交通工具vs. 一辆车). 定价系统也可以鼓励人们购买更省油的汽车, 为低排放车辆提供优惠价格, 例如.

未来的收费技术将确保有担保的融资

流动性定价使基础设施融资成为可能, 交通管理和面向未来的运输政策. 交通定价将成为交通部门的主要财政工具.
彼得Ummenhofer 行业专家

Administrations in many countries and municipalities around the globe have recognized the need for action and plan to roll out 流动性 pricing in the future, 或者已经有了, 如伦敦, 斯德哥尔摩, 米兰, 纽约, 瑞士,澳大利亚和美国的许多州. 例如, more than ten US states are already conducting pilot projects for a general mileage-based usage fee (MBUF). The introduction of this road user charging is intended to replace lost revenue from the fuel tax.

This change is made all the more urgent as any transport overhaul will be a huge financial challenge for public budgets. 看看德国就知道了. If 德国 reaches their climate goal of 40% less greenhouse gas emissions from transport by 2030 (in comparison to 1990), 他们的燃油税收入也将以类似程度下降, 根据德国联邦环境局的计算. A 30% drop in revenue from fuel taxes would already mean a loss of €13 billion. 引入移动定价将缓解这一问题, ensuring continued financing for infrastructure and new 流动性 concepts in the future.

定价显然是未来移动出行的一个中心话题. It makes profitable and sustainable models that consider the actual price of 流动性 possible. 例如, 具体包括二氧化碳污染和道路使用, and pass on the resulting costs to those who cause that pollution through their 流动性 behavior (to a certain extent).

交通2040:交通定价有助于可持续交通概念

到2040年,实现交通行业生态化发展, 除了道路上较少的内燃机, 有许多额外的移动选择是很重要的. 无论是铁路、公共交通、共享系统等. 实现可持续交通的工具已经准备就绪.

交通定价有助于减少二氧化碳排放. The concept can motivate users to swap their cars for more environmentally friendly alternatives—and as a result of lower road traffic, 拥堵和二氧化碳排放也可以减少. Road traffic is the source of 18% of CO2 emissions worldwide and is the 行业 with the third-highest emissions rate after the energy and heating sectors.

Transport is the problem child of the climate effort: they’ve been long missing climate goals by a wide margin.
彼得Ummenhofer 行业专家

交通问题将成为未来的一大挑战. The costs of private transport are staggering for both the environment and for people, 尤其是在城市里. Noise pollution, dust, air pollution and area of public space it takes up are all contributors. A large portion of the external costs (around €149 billion annually) caused by transport is from road traffic – €141 billion. 但收费系统的影响也可以量化:斯德哥尔摩, 例如, 通过设立拥堵区,内城交通减少22%. This also saw traffic-related pollution of noise and toxic substances decrease on almost all roads.   

Mobility pricing can be a push factor for promoting behavioral changes and accelerate sustainable 流动性. 它还可以使公平分担外部成本成为可能. 然而,改变需要时间. 基础设施项目需要时间,行为也不会在一夜之间改变. 这就是为什么500购彩今天需要为未来制定标准的500购彩.

能源和交通领域的重大变革, 技术必须准备就绪, 从这个角度来看, 移动性转变的先决条件已经全部具备.

公路收费技术设施完备. 流动性定价已经可以适应特定的挑战和条件. What is particularly important here is that road tolling and control must function without interfering the flow of traffic (free-flow).

视频收费, global navigation satellite system (GNSS)-based toll collection (via smartphone 例如), and dedicated short-range communication (DSRC) tags / radio frequency identification (RFID) tags can all be used for “on-the-go” road tolling too.

What’s pivotal for 流动性 pricing to succeed is to implement processes that ensure a wide acceptance of the tolling system. 有许多可用的收费控制500购彩可以为此做出贡献, 从静止的, 便携式, 到完全移动单元.

Summary

简而言之

  • 通过智能技术, 动态定价, 以及创新流程, 未来的交通可以是公平和可持续的.
  • Mobility pricing enables the digital control and redistribution of traffic by creating incentives to choose particular times, 路线, 和车辆.
  • Efficient tolling systems can also enable transport-基础设施融资 and investment in new 流动性 concepts.
  • 交通定价具有气候效益. 它促进道路使用者的环保行为. 

Summary

The climate crisis makes it clear once again that it is time for the 流动性 sector to take action and find a new direction. 研究人员, 行业, and politicians must keep working together to shape and bring about the 流动性 transition. The tools to make climate-neutral 流动性 a reality and secure 基础设施融资 are already at hand. Mobility pricing can be a key solution to promote changes in behavior and accelerate sustainable 流动性.  

迈克尔Leyendecker

迈克尔Leyendecker

欧洲收费销售总监和VITRONIC柏林办公室主任
作为VITRONIC首都办公室的负责人, 我经常与客户和决策者保持联系. 为了未来的移动出行, Mobility Pricing is a key solution that will help reduce CO2 emissions and improve traffic management.

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